Today management is almost necessary for companies to survive. In more and more competitive environment with a lot of changes on everyday basis and a lot of employees there is a big need for someone to coordinate everything.[ad#ad-4]
Four basic functions of management are planning, organising, directing and controlling. By doing this managers try to satisfy stakeholders, employees and costumers.
Today ill focus on different types of managing that are needed in different situations. Not every type is suitable for every situation that company finds itself in, so its necessary to know when to use different management models.
First type is called democratic manager. Here manager shares information with employees and is trying to find the best solutions with help of employess. They have good comunication skills, know how to motivate people and delegate tasks. This type is used when complex decisons are needed. Eployees are involved in decision-making, encouraged and satisfied.
Second type is called authoritarian/autocratic manager. In this case manager is very autorative, makes all the decisons by himself. Employees are not involved in decision-making and are expected to do as ordered. That is why this metod is not very popular among employees and can have bad influence on atmosphere. This type is needed when a company is in crisis and needs fast decisions.
Managers in companies usually use some sort of combination of these two main styles. Combination of above two styles is consultative style, where manager is interested in employees opinions but makes the final decision himself. They can use style called coaching, where manager is using similar approach as a sports coach with his team. There are also so called mentors that help emloyee with advices.
Another approach is paternalistic management, that is dictatorial but where manager is making decisions that are the best for employees which can be very motivating.
And there is also laissez-faire style, where there is no real managing done, and employees divide tasks among themselves. This style is not very effective unless employees are very professional.
Another interesting style is japanese style that is used in Japan. Its unique and very successful in their culture. It treats employees as members of social clan.
That are few styles of managing that can be used in companies. It depends of circustances, culture and other factors, which style will be used. In small companies is needed different style than in big ones, in crisis is needed different approach than in peacefull invironment.Gladly there are many options available to choose from.
Written by: U. Abram
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